Understanding the Development and Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease

Are your gums tender, red, or swollen? These could be signs of gum disease. While the symptoms may not seem like a big deal, don’t be fooled. Gum disease progresses gradually, and when it becomes advanced, it’s irreversible. The only way to manage advanced gum disease (periodontitis) is through advanced gum surgery, grafting techniques, extractions, and teeth replacements.

Fortunately, you don’t have to wait for gum disease to reach an advanced, irreversible stage. Brilliant Smiles Dentistry offers periodontal maintenance in Scottsdale, Arizona, to prevent, diagnose, and treat gum disease at its earliest stage. Schedule an appointment today with Drs. Terry Peterson and Stephanie Troglin to achieve optimal gum health.

What is periodontal disease?

Gum disease is a common oral condition affecting the gums and surrounding tissues. Its primary cause is dental plaque, a colorless film of bacteria that clings to teeth. Dental plaque is easily removable with brushing and flossing. However, if you don’t, it quickly calcifies into tartar (calculus), which inflames the gums, causing gum disease.

Gum disease develops in stages. The earliest and mildest form of gum disease (gingivitis) manifests with the following signs.

  • Tender or painful gums, especially when touched
  • Bleeding gums when brushing and flossing teeth
  • Puffy or swollen gums
  • Gum redness

As the infection intensifies, it moves from the gum surface and attacks the deep gingival tissues and teeth-supporting structures. Advanced gum disease causes chronic bad breath, gum recession, and tooth loss. Worse yet, uncontrolled oral infection can seep into the bloodstream through open sores in the mouth, putting you at risk of heart disease, pregnancy complications, and other systemic diseases.

How do we diagnose gum disease?

Although identifying early symptoms of gum disease can be challenging, your dentist has training to recognize even the subtle signs that you might miss. We can spot changes in gum color, texture, and contour that indicate the early stages of the disease.

We also use diagnostic tools to detect gum disease. A periodontal probe measures the depth between the gums and teeth (sulcus). A sulcus depth of 1-3 mm is considered healthy and normal. However, if we get deeper readings, you may have gum disease. Where necessary, the dentist can use dental X-rays to determine the extent of bone loss and other periodontal defects.

What are the treatment options for periodontal disease?

Gum disease treatment depends on the severity of the condition. Gingivitis is the only reversible stage of gum disease. We treat gingivitis with standard dental cleanings and conscientious at-home oral hygiene. Gum infection therapy can treat moderate to severe gum disease. This double-barreled treatment involves removing (scaling) calcified plaque and bacterial toxins from the tooth’s surface and deep periodontal pockets. After periodontal debridement, we smooth (plane) your tooth roots to remove rough spots that create perfect hiding spots for bacterial colonies. Root planing also promotes healing by encouraging gums to reattach to the teeth.

Advanced periodontitis may require gum surgery and grafting services to replenish damaged tissues. Our experienced team will offer expert guidance until you achieve optimal gum health.

Does a dentist near me offer periodontal therapy?

Brilliant Smiles Dentistry in Scottsdale, AZ, offers comprehensive periodontal services with the most reliable materials and techniques. If you suspect gum disease, schedule an appointment with our dental team by calling (480) 613-3476. Let’s help you maintain a healthy, infection-free smile.

Dr. Terry Peterson is a highly skilled dentist with extensive expertise in modern dental techniques near Scottsdale, AZ 85254

About Dr. Terry Peterson

Dr. Terry Peterson is a highly skilled dentist with extensive expertise in modern dental techniques. He was raised in Utah and completed his dental education at Creighton University School of Dentistry after earning a Bachelor’s in Business Management from Brigham Young University. Since 2011, Dr. Peterson has practiced dentistry in the Phoenix area, where he is known for his warm and personable approach to patient care. He prioritizes treating each patient like family, ensuring a trustworthy and comfortable experience. Connect with Dr. Terry Peterson on Linkedin