Periodontal (gum) disease typically manifests through symptoms including red, swollen gums, bleeding while brushing, and persistent bad breath. These signs should not be ignored, as periodontal disease is a serious condition that can lead to severe oral health issues if left untreated. Prompt treatment is essential to prevent the progression of the disease and maintain overall oral health. At Brilliant Smiles Dentistry, we have been treating patients in the Scottsdale, Arizona, area for years, and Drs. Terry Peterson and Stephanie Troglin would be delighted to see you.

What are the different types of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease encompasses several types, each with distinct characteristics:

  1. Gingivitis: The mildest form, characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily. It is reversible with improved oral hygiene and professional cleanings.
  2. Chronic Periodontal Disease: The most common form, primarily affecting adults. It involves long-term inflammation, leading to the destruction of the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. Symptoms include gum recession, deep pockets, and eventual tooth loss if untreated.
  3. Aggressive Periodontal Disease: This less common form progresses rapidly and can occur in otherwise healthy individuals. It leads to severe bone destruction and tooth loss at an early age.
  4. Periodontal Disease Related to Systemic Conditions: This type is linked to systemic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory conditions, which can exacerbate periodontal issues.
  5. Necrotizing Periodontal Disease: A severe form characterized by necrosis of gum tissue, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. It is often seen in individuals with systemic conditions like HIV, malnutrition, or immunosuppression.

What type of periodontal disease is the worst?

Necrotizing periodontal disease is considered the worst type due to its severity and rapid progression. This form is characterized by the death of gum tissue, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. It is often associated with extreme pain, severe bad breath, and rapid tissue destruction. Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV, malnutrition, or severe stress, are particularly susceptible. Without prompt and aggressive treatment, necrotizing periodontal disease can lead to significant tissue and bone loss and even systemic infections, making it the most critical type to address urgently.

Periodontal Disease

If my periodontal disease remains untreated, can it leave irreversible damage?

Yes, untreated periodontal disease can cause irreversible damage. As the disease progresses from gingivitis to periodontitis, it can lead to the destruction of the gums, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone that support the teeth. This can result in loose teeth and eventual tooth loss. The chronic inflammation associated with periodontal disease also increases the risk of systemic health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Once the supporting structures are damaged, they cannot be fully regenerated, making early intervention crucial to prevent permanent damage and maintain oral and overall health.

Where can I get treatment for periodontal disease?

Brilliant Smiles Dentistry in Scottsdale, AZ, provides comprehensive periodontal services. Using only the most reliable and safe materials and techniques, our team is able to help you maintain a healthy, infection-free smile. To schedule an appointment, please call (480) 613-3476.

Dr. Terry Peterson is a highly skilled dentist with extensive expertise in modern dental techniques near Scottsdale, AZ 85254

About Dr. Terry Peterson

Dr. Terry Peterson is a highly skilled dentist with extensive expertise in modern dental techniques. He was raised in Utah and completed his dental education at Creighton University School of Dentistry after earning a Bachelor’s in Business Management from Brigham Young University. Since 2011, Dr. Peterson has practiced dentistry in the Phoenix area, where he is known for his warm and personable approach to patient care. He prioritizes treating each patient like family, ensuring a trustworthy and comfortable experience. Connect with Dr. Terry Peterson on Linkedin